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There are a few photos of the ziggurat and one of the royal tombs.
Last fall, American archaeologists returned to southern Iraq for the first time in 25 years. A report at PhysOrg outlines the research of Jennifer Pournelle. She is studying the importance of marshland resources, and how proximity to marshlands may have helped determine where ancients cities were founded in southern Iraq.
A short video can be seen here. On Wednesday night, looters attempted to make off with a ton, red granite statue of Ramses II located at Aswan. Their efforts were thwarted by security personnel and maybe the size of the statue. The mask was discovered in excavations at Saqqara in and purchased by the museum for half-a-million dollars. The museum has filed suit to prevent seizure of the mask by the U.
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Guide Explorations in Bible Lands - Excavations in Egypt - For Kindle 1
Audio of the program can be found here. Biblical Archaeology Review also has a brief note about Rainey's passing on their website. The lexicon can be found here and an account of its print and digital versions here. NW, Room Both the lecture and a reception are free and open to the public. Some information is provided here. Riddle at PM 0 comments. The Germans have been directing excavations at Hattusa, the ancient capital of the Hittite Empire, since The sphinx in question is presently on display in the Pergamonmuseum in Berlin.
It belongs to a pair of sphinxes from the Sphinx Gate of the Yerkapi rampart at Hattusa.
Berlin Pergamonmuseum. This is a copy of the sphinx shown below. The sphinx which is being disputed is not in the photo; it is displayed on the opposite wall behind where the photographer stood. The photographer is now kicking himself.
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Istanbul Museum of Ancient Orient. Sphinx from Yerkapi rampart Sphinx Gate at Hattusa. This sphinx complements the one in Berlin. Turkey has given Germany until the end of July to return the sphinx. Germany has apparently rejected previous requests. The sphinx was taken to Berlin in to be restored. Hattusa had dozens of temples and a citadel.
The fortifications included various gates with parabolic arches, a massive rampart on the southern end, and casemate walls. The German excavations are currently directed by Andreas Schachner. It is chock full of photos, plans, and descriptions, and has a fold-out map. Much of the guide is available online here. Yerkapi rampart at the south end of Hattusa. Below center is a postern gate and tunnel and directly above is the Sphinx Gate.
Buyukkale, the Royal Citadel at Hattusa. Details are here.
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Labels: Museums , Turkey. Riddle at AM 2 comments. The excavation team is currently clearing out the tunnel and conducting a detailed study of it.
Below is a picture of the entrance to the tunnel taken in by Todd Bolen. The tunnel begins to the left of where the man is standing and descends underground past the left side of the picture. Recent pictures from inside the tunnel are posted with The Baptist Press article. Here's how the article describes the tunnel: The challenge is excavating a large, rock-hewn water tunnel at Tel Gezer that is believed to have been carved out by Canaanites between and B.
Tons of debris must be removed from the ancient tunnel before the real work can even begin. The Gezer system also is unusually large, measuring 12 feet wide by 24 feet tall, Parker noted. It is believed that the ancient people used donkeys to ferry water from the source to the surface. The width allowed two animals, loaded with jugs, to pass side by side. The height of the tunnel perplexes the expedition team, and they hope to find an explanation as they pursue the dig. Last summer the team began the arduous tasks of removing tons of rubble from the tunnel.
During a three-week dig, they cleared 72 tons of dirt and rocks. Team members dug out the tunnel and put debris in large sacks which were hoisted out with a crane. Due to the degree slope, Parker compared it to working on a steeply pitched roof. Large public works were widespread in the region, such as city walls, massive earthen ramparts, and glacis i.
So the cooperation and organization needed to dig a water tunnel was relatively common during that period, but as the article points out elaborate water systems were not. Side Note: The article mentions that to B. Late Date" controversy about the Exodus. The article apparently assumes a Late Date position. My personal conviction and that of Todd Bolen is that the Early Date position is the correct one, which would place Abraham's lifetime at approximately to B. If this is correct, then construction of the Gezer water tunnel would have occurred during the time of Israel's year sojourn in Egypt.
The Baptist Press article can be found here. Details about the dig this summer can be found here. The excavation's homepage can be found here. HT: Joseph I.
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Lauer Labels: Excavations , Shephelah. Rodriquez at AM 0 comments. While conducting research for my dissertation The Arsenal of the Hebrew Kings and Their Neighbors , I was able to follow up on a question that my advisor had once asked me: How were slings used in antiquity?
In other words, what technique was used to generate the centrifugal force needed to propel the stone across the battlefield? This technique was apparently used by the Egyptians in the 12th century B. Within this relief, there are a handful of slingers. Positioned high in the "crow's nest" of the Egyptian ships, these slingers are depicted in the act of twirling their slings over thier heads, as shown below. This also seems to be the technique used by a slinger depicted in a relief from Tell Halaf in northwestern Mesopotamia that dates to the 10th or 9th century B.
In general, they are depicted as hovering vertically or almost vertically over the head of the slinger. An example of such an Assyrian slinger on the Lachish Relief can be seen here see Fig. Elsewhere on that relief, a Judean slinger is also depicted with his sling in this position. When slingers use the twirling method described above, the sling is never in such a position, so another method must be proposed. It would appear that during the late Iron Age the slings of Assyrians and Judeans were used by swinging the whole arm in a wide, vertical circle.
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So it seems that after the slinger loaded his weapon, he would move his arm down and backwards in a sweeping motion and would swing the sling vertically over his head.